TODAY IN HISTORY

The Eggnog Riot and Christmas Island

 

 

On December 25th in:

 

333, Roman Emperor Constantine the Great elevates his youngest son Constans to the rank of Caesar;

 

336, first documented sign of Christmas celebration in Ancient Rome;

 

1492, Caravel Santa Maria captained by Christopher Columbus runs onto reefs off Haiti due to a proper watch not being kept.  Local natives help to save food, armory and ammunition but not the ship;

 

1643, Christmas Island found and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Company vessel, the Royal Mary;

 

1826, The Eggnog Riot at the United States Military Academy concludes after beginning the previous evening; and in

 

1947, The Constitution of the Republic of China goes into effect. 

The Night before Christmas and the top of the world!

On December 23 in:

 

1783, George Washington resigns as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army;

 

1823, A Visit from St. Nicholas, also known as The Night Before Christmas, is published anonymously;

 

1954, The first successful kidney transpant is performed by J. Hartwell Harrison and Hoseph Murray;

 

1970, The North Tower of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, New York, New York is topped out at  1,368 feet , making it the tallest building in the world..

A nuisance at the airport begins and the 4 most famous musical notes

 

On December 22 in:

 

1807, The Embargo Act, forbidding trade with all foreign countries, is passed by the U.S. Congress,at the urging of President Thomas Jefferson;

 

1808, Ludwig van Beethoven conducts and performs in concert at the Theater an der Wien, Vienna, with the premiere of his Fifth Symphony, Sixth Symphony, Fourth Piano Concerto (performed by Beethoven himself) and Choral Fantasy;

 

1937, the Lincoln Tunnel opens to traffic in New York;

 

1956, Colo, the first gorilla to be bred in captivity, is born at the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium in Ohio;

 

1965, In the United Kingdom, a 70 mph speed limit is applied to all rural roads including motorways for the first time.  Previously, there had been no speed limit; and in

 

2001, Richard Reid attempts to destroy a passenger airliner by igniting explosives hidden in his shoes aboard American Airlines Flight 63. 

 

 

Here comes the Sugarplum Fairies and bring on the moonshine

On December 18 in:

 

1271, Kublai Khan renames his empire "Yuan", officially marking the start of the Yuan Dynasty of Mongolia and China;

 

1878, John Kehoe,the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania;

 

1892, Premiere performance of The Nutcracker by Tchaikovsky in Saint Petersburg, Russia;

 

1912, the Piltdown Man, later revealed as a hoax, is announced by Charles Dawson;

 

1917, the resolution containing the language of the Eighteenth Amendment to enact Prohibition is passed by the United States Congress; and in

 

1958, Project SCORE, the world's first communications satellite, is launched. 

 

 

Gone with the Wind and the Leaning Tower still leans

On December 15  in:

 

1791, the United States Bill of Rights becomes law when ratified by the Virginia General Assembly;

 

1939, Gone with the Wind receives its premiere at Loew's Grand Theatere in Atlanta, Georgia;

 

1967, the Silver Bridge over the Ohio River collapses, killing 46 people;

 

1970, Soviet  spacecraft Venera 7 successfully lands on Venus.  It is the first successful soft landing on another planet;

 

1973, the American Psychiatric Association votes 13-0 to remove homosexuality from its official list of psychiatric disorders, the DSM-II;

and in

 

2001, The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years and $27,000,000 spent to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean.

 

 

 

Christopher Columbus lands in the Caribbean

On December 5 in:

 

1492, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to set foot on the island of Hispaniola(now Hati and Dominican Republic);

 

1932, German-born Swiss physicist Albert Einstein is granted an American visa;

 

1934, American author and screenwriter Joan Didion is born;

 

1952, The Great Smog: A cold fog descends upon London, combining air pollution and killing at least12,000 in the weeks and months that follow and in ;

 

1955, E.D. Nixon and Rosa Parks lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

The ultimate practical joke, and the first Macy's Parade

On November 27 in:

176, Emperor Marcus Aurelius grants his son Commodus the rank of "Imperator," and making him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions;

1703, the first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703;

1810, the Berners Street hoax  was perpetrated by Theodore Hook in the City of Westminster, London;

1924, In New York City, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held;

1968, Penny Ann Early becomes the first woman to play major professional basketball, for the Kentucky Colonels in an ABA game against the Los Angeles Stars;

2001, A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope. It's the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet; and in

2005, The fist partial human face transplant is completed in Amiens, France. 

Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity

 

On November 25 in:

1120, the White Ship sinks in the English Channel,drowning Willliam Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England;

1864:  A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuc cessful attempt to burn down New York City;

1915, Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general ralativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences;

1947, The "Hollywood Ten" are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios;

1952, Agatha Christie's murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassador's Theatre in London.  It will become the longest continuously-running play in history; and in

1984, Thirty-six top British musicians (including Bono, Sting and Boy George) gather in a Notting Hill studio to record Band-Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?" in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia. 

 

Pirates in Chicago? and "to infinity and beyond"

On November 22 in:

 

1869, in Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today;

 

1954, the Humane Society of the United States is founded;

 

1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.  Lee Harvey Oswald is later captured and charged with the murder.  Oswald is shot two days later by Jack Ruby while in police custody;

 

1977, British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service;

 

1986, Mike Tyson defeats Trevor Brvick to become youngest Heavyweight champion in boxing history;

 

1987, two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom; and in

 

1995, Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.

 

 

War bonds and a van Gogh for sale

On November 21 in:

 

1863, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony for the military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania;

 

1916, Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures;

 

1944, World War II:  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling US $14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort;

 

1950, U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes Supreme Commander of NATO - Europe;

 

1955, National Review publishes its first issue;

 

1979, Iran hostage crisis:  Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Knomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US. Embassy in Tehran; and in

 

1998, Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without a Beard sells at an auction for $71.5 million.

 

 

 

 

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