On January 5th in:

 

1781, Richmond, Virginia, is burned by British naval forces led by Benedict Arnold;

 

1914, The Ford Motor Company announces an eight-hour workday and that it will pay a "living wage" of at least $5 for a day's labor;

 

1919, The German workers' Party, which would become the Nazi Party, is founded;

 

1940, FM radio is demonstrated to the Federal Communications Commission for the first time; and in

 

1972, United States President Richard Nixon order the development of a Space Shuttle program.