TODAY IN HISTORY

From the monthly archives: November 2014

We are pleased to present below all posts archived in 'November 2014'. If you still can't find what you are looking for, try using the search box.

The ultimate practical joke, and the first Macy's Parade

On November 27 in:

176, Emperor Marcus Aurelius grants his son Commodus the rank of "Imperator," and making him Supreme Commander of the Roman legions;

1703, the first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703;

1810, the Berners Street hoax  was perpetrated by Theodore Hook in the City of Westminster, London;

1924, In New York City, the first Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade is held;

1968, Penny Ann Early becomes the first woman to play major professional basketball, for the Kentucky Colonels in an ABA game against the Los Angeles Stars;

2001, A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope. It's the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet; and in

2005, The fist partial human face transplant is completed in Amiens, France. 

Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity

 

On November 25 in:

1120, the White Ship sinks in the English Channel,drowning Willliam Adelin, son and heir of Henry I of England;

1864:  A group of Confederate operatives calling themselves the Confederate Army of Manhattan starts fires in more than 20 locations in an unsuc cessful attempt to burn down New York City;

1915, Albert Einstein presents the field equations of general ralativity to the Prussian Academy of Sciences;

1947, The "Hollywood Ten" are blacklisted by Hollywood movie studios;

1952, Agatha Christie's murder-mystery play The Mousetrap opens at the Ambassador's Theatre in London.  It will become the longest continuously-running play in history; and in

1984, Thirty-six top British musicians (including Bono, Sting and Boy George) gather in a Notting Hill studio to record Band-Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?" in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia. 

 

Pirates in Chicago? and "to infinity and beyond"

On November 22 in:

 

1869, in Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving today;

 

1954, the Humane Society of the United States is founded;

 

1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy is assassinated.  Lee Harvey Oswald is later captured and charged with the murder.  Oswald is shot two days later by Jack Ruby while in police custody;

 

1977, British Airways inaugurates a regular London to New York City supersonic Concorde service;

 

1986, Mike Tyson defeats Trevor Brvick to become youngest Heavyweight champion in boxing history;

 

1987, two Chicago television stations are hijacked by an unknown pirate dressed as Max Headroom; and in

 

1995, Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.

 

 

War bonds and a van Gogh for sale

On November 21 in:

 

1863, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony for the military cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania;

 

1916, Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures;

 

1944, World War II:  U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling US $14 billion in war bonds to help pay for the war effort;

 

1950, U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes Supreme Commander of NATO - Europe;

 

1955, National Review publishes its first issue;

 

1979, Iran hostage crisis:  Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Knomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US. Embassy in Tehran; and in

 

1998, Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without a Beard sells at an auction for $71.5 million.

 

 

 

 

the Santa Fe Trail and the Trans-Alaska Pipeline

 

On November 16 in:

 

1793, French Revolution:  Ninety anti-republican Catholic priests are executed by drowning at Nantes;

 

1822, American Old West:  Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico, over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail;

 

1914, the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens;

 

1938, LSD is first synthesized by Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofman at the Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland;

 

1940, New York City's "Mad Bomber" George Metesky places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison;

 

1973, U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline. 

Fantasia and the real Amityville Horror

 

On November 13 in:

 

1553, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer and four others, including Lady Jane Grey, are accused of high treason and sentenced to death under Catholic Queen  "Bloody" Mary I;

 

1927, the Holland Tunnel opens to traffic as the first Hudson River vehicle tunnel linking New Jersey to New York City;

 

1940, Walt Disney's animated musical film Fantasia is first released, on the first night of a roadshow at New York's Broadway Theatre;

 

1956, The Supreme Court of the United States declares Alabama laws requiring segregated buses illegal, thus ending the Montgomery Bus Boycott;

 

1974, Ronald DeFeo, Jr. murders his entire family in Amityville, Long Island in the house that would become known as The Amityville Horror; and in

 

1982, The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C. after a march to its site by thousands of Vietnam War veterans.

 

The beginnings of the Marine Corps and of Windows

On November 10 in

 

1619, Rene Descartes has the dreams that inspire his Meditations on First Philosophy;

 

1775, The United States Marine Corps is founded at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia by Samuel Nicholas;

 

1865, Major Henry Wirz, the superintendant of a prison camp in Andersonville, Georgis, is hanged, becoming the only American Civil War soldier executed for war crimes;

 

1972, Southern Airlines Flight 49 from Birmingham, Alabama is hijacked and, at one point, is threatened with crashing into the nuclear installation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  After two days, the plane lands in Havana, Cuba, where the hijackers are jailed by Fidel Castro;

 

1983, Microsoft introduces Windows 1.0; and in

 

1989, German citizens begin to bring down the Berlin Wall.

 

Land Ho for the pilgrims and Rolling Stone rolls off the presses

On November 9 in:

1620, Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower sight land at Cape Cod, Massachusetts;

1888, Mary Jane Kelly is murdered in London, widely believed to be the fifth and final victim of the notorious unidentified serial killer Jack the Ripper;

1934, Carl Sagen, American astronomer, astrophysicist and cosmologist is born;

1953, Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet and author, dies at the age of 39; and in 

1967, the first issue of Rolling Stone Magazine is published. 

 

 

JFK becomes our 35th president and the X-ray is discovered

On November 8 in :

1519, Cortes enters Tenochitilan and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great celebration;

1847, Bram Stoker, author of Dracula, is born;

1895, While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Roentgen discovers the X-ray;

1960, John F. Kennedy defeats Richard Nixon in one of the closest presidential elections of the twentieth century to become the 35th president of the United States;

1973, The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay $2.9 million; and in

1978, American painter and illustrator Norman Rockwell dies, at the age of 84. 

Influenza virus and the Museum of Modern Art

On November 7 in

 

1837, In Alton, Ilinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time;

 

1908, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia;

 

1910, the first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse;

 

1918, the 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year;

 

1929, The Museum of Modern Art opens to the public in New York City;

 

1944, Franklin D. Roosevelt elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America;

 

1983, a bomb explodes inside the United States Capitol.  No one is injured but an estimated $250,000 in damage is caused;

 

1991, Magic Johnson announces that he is infected with HIV and retires from the NBA. 

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