TODAY IN HISTORY

From the monthly archives: October 2014

We are pleased to present below all posts archived in 'October 2014'. If you still can't find what you are looking for, try using the search box.

Unhappy Halloween, Prime Minister

 

On October 31 in

 

1864, Nevada is admitted to the union and becomes the 36th state; in

 

1922, Benito Mussolini is made Prime Minister of Italy; in

 

1941, Mount Rushmore is completed after fourteen years of work; and in 

 

 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated. Riots break out in New Delhi and across India.

The first "Jack Sparrow" and our neighbor to the north

 

 

On October 20 in:

 

1720, Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy;

 

1818, The Convention of 1818 is signed between the United States and the United Kingdom. Among other things, it settles the Canada- United States border on the 49th parallel;

 

1944, Liquid natural gas leaks from storage tanks in Cleveland, then explodes. The explosion and resulting fire level thirty blocks and kill 130 people;

 

1951, the "Johnny Bright Incident" occurs in Stillwater, Oklahoma;

 

1968, former First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy marries Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis; and in

 

1977, Rock band Lynyrd Skynyrd's plane crashes. 

A Criminal, a Genius and a Saint

On October 17 in:

 

539 BC, Cyrus the Great marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost seventy years of exile. Cyrus allows the Jews to return to Yehud Medinata and rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem;

 

1771, the opera Ascanio in Alba, composed by 15-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, premieres in Milan;

 

1888, Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie);

 

1931, Al Capone is convicted of income tax evasion;

 

1933, Albert Einstein flees Nazi Germany and moves to the United States;

 

1965, the 1964-1965 New York World's Fair closes after a two year run.  More than 51 million people had attended the two-year event;

 

1966, a fire at a building in New York City kills 12 firefighters, the fire department's deadliest day until the September 11, 2001 attacks; and in 

 

1979, Mother Teresa awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Winnie the Pooh and Mary, Queen of Scots

On October 14 in:

 

1856, Mary, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I of England;

 

1773, Just before the beginning of the Revolutionary War, several of the British East India Company's tea ships are set ablaze at the old seaport of Annapolis, Maryland;

 

1884, American inventor,George Eastman, receives a U.S. Government patent on his new paper-strip photographic film;

 

1912, While campaigning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, former president Theodore Roosevelt is shot and mildly wounded by John Schrank, a mentally-disturbed saloon keeper. With the fresh wound in his chest, and the bullet still within it, Roosevelt still carries out his scheduled public speech;

 

1926, Winnie -the-Pooh, by A.A.Milne, is published;

 

1933, Germany withdraws from The League of Nations;

 

1968, The United States Department of Defense announces that the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps will send about 24,000 soldiers and Marines back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours of duty in the combat zone there;

 

1979, The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C., the National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights, demands "an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people" and draws 200,000 people; and in

 

1998, Eric Rudolph is charged with six bombings including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia. 

 

The Day of Six Billion!

On October 12, in:

1775, the US Navy is formed;

1792, the first Columbus Day is celebrated in the US, in NYC: 

1915, the Ford Company manufactured its one millionth Model-T; and

1999, the six billionth person in the world is born to a first-time mother in a Sarajevo hospital!

 

 

 

The first appearances of Saturday Night Live and the steam ferry Juliana

On October 11 in:

 

1811, Inventor John Stevens' boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York City, New York and Hoboken, N.J.) 

 

1852, Australia's oldest university, University of Sydney, is inaugurated;

 

1890, In Washington, DC, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded;

 

1906,  San Francisco public school board sparks a diplomatic crisis between the United States and Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools;

 

1939, JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, Delaware, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states;

 

1950, CBS's mechanical color system is the first to be licensed for broadcast by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission;

 

1975, the NBC sketch comedy/variety show Saturday Night Live debuts, hosted by George Carlin and featuring guests Andy Kaufman, Janis Ian and Billy Preston; and in

 

1986, Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavik, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.

 

 

Opium War and the original Weather Underground

On October 8 in:

 

1645, Jeanne Mance opens the Hotel-Dieu de Montreal, the first lay hospital in North America;

 

1856, the Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River;

 

1918, In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York kills 28 German soldiers and captures 132, for which he is awarded the Medal of Honor;

 

1939, Germany annexes Western Poland;

 

1956, the opening rally of the Days of Rage occurs, organized by the Weather Underground in Chicago, Illinois;

 

1991, Croatia votes to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia, rendering the country fully independent; and in

 

2001, U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security. 

The Pope visits the President.

On October 6, in the year:

1723, 17-year-old Benjamin Franklin arrives in Philadelphia;

1876, the American Library Association was founded;

1889, American inventor Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture; and in

1979, Pope John Paul II is the first pontiff to visit the White House. 

1st radio broadcast of the World Series and Versaille March

On October 5 in:

 

1789, Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris;

 

1864, 60,000 die when Calcutta is almost totally destroyed by a cyclone;

 

1921, the World Series is broadcast on the radio for the first time;

 

1944, Suffrage is extended to women in France;

 

1947, the first televised Whtie House address is given by U.S. President Harry S. Truman';

 

1962, Dr. No, the first film in the James Bond series, is released;

 

1970, the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is founded; and in

 

2001, Barry Bonds surpasses Mark McGwire's single-season home run total with his milestone 71st and 72nd home runs. 

Great Scot!

 

On October 3, in:

1712, the Duke of Montrose orders the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor;

1863, Abraham Lincoln decalres that Thanksgiving will be observed on the last Thursday in Thanksgiving;

1872, the Bloomingdale Brothers open their store in NYC; and in

1955, the Mickey Mouse Club debuts on ABC.

 

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